The EU, Libya and COVID-19

The war in Libya has continued into March 2020. Despite certain efforts from the international community to reach a ceasefire between the warring parties in Berlin and enforce an arms embargo, and the recent UN Security Council Resolution 2510 (2020) that reiterated these conference conclusions, little progress has been made


The Iranian president addressed a veiled yet strong warning at the Rahbar-e Enqelāb Khāmeneī: if the regime intends to heal the divide between the ruling elite and the population, it must hold free and fair elections. Since the results of the recent legislative election will ultimately impact the future of Iran-EU re- lations, this paper suggest that the European Union must redouble its efforts in negotiating with the Islamic Republic of Iran to promote a positive change in the country.


The recent developments in the Libyan conflict made headlines in the past year following two main developments: General Khalifa Haftar’s announcement of his intention to conquer the capital Tripoli in April 2019, so far under the control of the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA)[1] ; and Turkey’s announcement of its intention to send troops as a back-up to Sarraj’s government since the start of 2020.

Between Regime Oppression and a Sedentary European Union: Insights into Artists and Human Rights Violations in Turkey

This report finds that ongoing human rights violations in Turkey disproportionately impact artists, academics, lawyers and activists who express opposition against the regime. It shows how the current legal structure within Turkey has enabled human rights violations to continue in nearly all levels of society and is representative of the influence that the executive powers have exerted over the judiciary for decades.

Protests in Iran: a Desperate Call for Domestic Reform

The protests that took place in Iran between November 2017 and January 2020 evidenced the existence of heavy structural deficiencies within the state apparatus. These unrests have exposed the extent to which the Islamic Republic of Iran is entangled in social, political and economic crises. Unfortunately, the regime responded to popular dissatisfaction and aspirations only through repressions. Moreover, the political configuration has prevented the implementation of the reforms needed by the population.

About us

The Brussels International Center is an independent, non-profit, think-and-do tank based in the capital of Europe that is committed to developing solutions to address the cyclical drivers of insecurity, economic fragility, and conflict the Middle East and North Africa, and its impact to the EU.


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BIC's latest project takes critical aim at yesterday's approaches to security and defence, with a view towards developing proactive solutions to the evolving nature of insecurity and hybrid warfare. Building off our extensive coding process, we will use qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the impacts of new trends - such as disinformation campaigns, cyber warfare, climate challenges, and geopolitical factors - on the various social, political and economic drivers of conflict and instability.


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