A Third Government in Less Than A Year: Analysis of Tunisia’s Political System’s Crisis

Tunisia’s 2014 proportional representation with rule of highest remainder formula, imagined as a guard rail against a return to presidential authoritarianism, has proven to be highly problematic. In theory, the equation is simple. The parliament, the country’s supreme power, is directly elected by the people and all winning political formations are represented within the legislative body. The executive branch is bicephalous, shared between a Head of Government and a Head of State. The latter theoretically only holds “residual” prerogatives, mainly related to defense and diplomacy. Yet, the reality of Tunisian politics since 2014 has proven different.



Mali: A Transition for Rethinking Security and Stability

Mali’s coup has been overwhelmingly portrayed in negative terms in the public debate internationally. It has been described exclusively as a ‘putsch’ in French and European media outlets and in public declarations by ECOWAS for instance. The popular support it received has seldom been acknowledged.



A New Ceasefire in Libya: The Gamble for Sirte

With Haftar’s forces on the retreat in the face of the Turkish-backed GNA, his international supporters have expressed alarm. The most prominent being neighboring Egypt, with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi stating that the geographical boundary of Sirte southward to the town of Jufra was their “red line”. If crossed, it would be the trigger for the intervention of the Egyptian military into the conflict.

Aid Overhaul: The Use of Biometric Aid Delivery Systems in Yemen

War has engulfed Yemen since the failure of the National Dialogue Council (NDC) to form a government in 2015. There have been repeated attempts to bring, if only temporary, peace to the country, yet no agreement has been able to end the conflict, and the Yemeni people are the ones that are paying the ultimate price. Emerging from this conflict is the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.

Sudan’s Fragile Transition: Toward a Gender-Sensitive Approach

Socioeconomic inclusion and popular support of the government– PM Abdalla Hamdok’s cabinet has been struggling with a near-bankrupt treasury and underwent a reshuffle following popular demand – will be crucial factors in securing stability and keeping the transition on track in the face of a powerful military’s reluctance to change. If gender is treated as a peripheral matter, and women are not meaningfully included in the political process and given an equal voice, the opportunity for achieving an optimal transition could be missed.

About us

The Brussels International Center is an independent, non-profit, think-and-do tank based in the capital of Europe that is committed to developing solutions to address the cyclical drivers of insecurity, economic fragility, and conflict the Middle East and North Africa, and its impact to the EU.


Learn More

BIC's latest project takes critical aim at yesterday's approaches to security and defence, with a view towards developing proactive solutions to the evolving nature of insecurity and hybrid warfare. Building off our extensive coding process, we will use qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the impacts of new trends - such as disinformation campaigns, cyber warfare, climate challenges, and geopolitical factors - on the various social, political and economic drivers of conflict and instability.


Read more.

Discover our work

Donate to help us support more great projects

Each donation to the BIC helps our team to do more. We invest your donation into support for our innovative research and to bring new projects into the world.