War has engulfed Yemen since the failure of the National Dialogue Council (NDC) to form a government in 2015. There have been repeated attempts to bring, if only temporary, peace to the country, yet no agreement has been able to end the conflict, and the Yemeni people are the ones that are paying the ultimate price. Emerging from this conflict is the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.
Socioeconomic inclusion and popular support of the government– PM Abdalla Hamdok’s cabinet has been struggling with a near-bankrupt treasury and underwent a reshuffle following popular demand – will be crucial factors in securing stability and keeping the transition on track in the face of a powerful military’s reluctance to change. If gender is treated as a peripheral matter, and women are not meaningfully included in the political process and given an equal voice, the opportunity for achieving an optimal transition could be missed.
As matters stand today, no economic sector can replace the importance of the oil rent sector. The industrial sector has worsened across the years, with production being cut in half since 1989. The latest cabinet’s reshuffle, as well as the amendment of the historical 51-49 percent rule by the 2019 hydrocarbons law, are meant to alleviate the crisis. However, Algeria needs a paradigm shift away from hydrocarbons.
Ethiopia’s Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) project could be a central project to stimulate economic growth in the county, while creating jobs and reducing levels of poverty. However, the risks that the project pose for its downstream neighbours of Egypt and Sudan are profound, including risks of drought and concerns over safety. This case has become a key international issue with the involvement of many international bodies such as the African Union (AU) and United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
According to the fourth annual Global Report on Food Crises, the current number of human beings at risk of starvation is 135 million. This number is expected to double post-COVID, with an estimated 265 million people at risk of famine across the world. Some of the main causes of food insecurity include conflict, environmental disasters, economic crises, diseases, and displacement. The region most at-risk is the African continent