Aid Overhaul: The Use of Biometric Aid Delivery Systems in Yemen

War has engulfed Yemen since the failure of the National Dialogue Council (NDC) to form a government in 2015. There have been repeated attempts to bring, if only temporary, peace to the country, yet no agreement has been able to end the conflict, and the Yemeni people are the ones that are paying the ultimate price. Emerging from this conflict is the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.

Sudan’s Fragile Transition: Toward a Gender-Sensitive Approach

Socioeconomic inclusion and popular support of the government– PM Abdalla Hamdok’s cabinet has been struggling with a near-bankrupt treasury and underwent a reshuffle following popular demand – will be crucial factors in securing stability and keeping the transition on track in the face of a powerful military’s reluctance to change. If gender is treated as a peripheral matter, and women are not meaningfully included in the political process and given an equal voice, the opportunity for achieving an optimal transition could be missed.

Algeria’s Hydrocarbons Crisis: Prospects Of A New Beginning

As matters stand today, no economic sector can replace the importance of the oil rent sector. The industrial sector has worsened across the years, with production being cut in half since 1989. The latest cabinet’s reshuffle, as well as the amendment of the historical 51-49 percent rule by the 2019 hydrocarbons law, are meant to alleviate the crisis. However, Algeria needs a paradigm shift away from hydrocarbons.


The GERD Challenge: How a Compromise Can Be Reached Through Cooperation

Ethiopia’s Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) project could be a central project to stimulate economic growth in the county, while creating jobs and reducing levels of poverty. However, the risks that the project pose for its downstream neighbours of Egypt and Sudan are profound, including risks of drought and concerns over safety. This case has become a key international issue with the involvement of many international bodies such as the African Union (AU) and United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

COVID-19 And Intra-African Migration Fluxes: Food Insecurity and Its Consequences

According to the fourth annual Global Report on Food Crises[1], the current number of human beings at risk of starvation is 135 million. This number is expected to double post-COVID, with an estimated 265 million people at risk of famine across the world.[2] Some of the main causes of food insecurity include conflict, environmental disasters, economic crises, diseases, and displacement. The region most at-risk is the African continent


About us

The Brussels International Center is an independent, non-profit, think-and-do tank based in the capital of Europe that is committed to developing solutions to address the cyclical drivers of insecurity, economic fragility, and conflict the Middle East and North Africa, and its impact to the EU.


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BIC's latest project takes critical aim at yesterday's approaches to security and defence, with a view towards developing proactive solutions to the evolving nature of insecurity and hybrid warfare. Building off our extensive coding process, we will use qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the impacts of new trends - such as disinformation campaigns, cyber warfare, climate challenges, and geopolitical factors - on the various social, political and economic drivers of conflict and instability.


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