REPORT AT A GLANCE
The COVID-19 global pandemic is still resulting in harsh consequences for all countries affected, yet in already vulnerable countries impact is harsher. This paper will focus on one of the pandemic’s most dangerous repercussions: the worsening of food insecurity, specifically in Sub-Saharan African countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sudan, and what it entails for migration towards North Africa. Some of the most significant waves of migration occur every year in Africa, precisely from Sub-Saharan Africa to Europe transiting through North African countries. Since the 1990s, Europe, the principal destination of many African migrants, became highly aware of this and started outsourcing border control to its southern Mediterranean neighbors in exchange for development aid support and limited privileges for their respective nationals. What used to be a transit migration is slowly transforming into a permanent, intra-African one.
> The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to worsen food insecurity in the world, with Sub-Saharan Africa being the most-at risk region.
> Post COVID-19, 73 million Africans are expected to be affected by acute food insecurity.
> Due to the EU’s extending border externalization policy, North African countries have transformed from transit to receiving destinations.
> Tunisia as a receiving country lacks the most basic legal, bureaucratic, and socio-economic capacities to guarantee a decent livelihood for Sub-Saharan African migrants.