The al-Hash’d al-Shaabi, Paramilitary Groups in Iraq

REPORT AT A GLANCE

 

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The Iraqi security sector has been under extreme pressure to carry out reform since the United States invasion in 2003. Since then, the international community has invested immeasurable time and resources into promoting change within the Iraqi security sector, yet has failed to enact a policy that suits the unique situation of Iraq. Iraq operates under a complex, intertwining system of the formal and informal sectors. The security forces are no exception to this, as the armed forces of Iraq consist of the formally recognized Iraqi military, as well as dozens of paramilitary groups with varying alliances and goals that have been formally and informally incorporated into the Iraqi security sector.

 

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