Democratic Development

Power of the People: Sectarian Rhetoric and Iran’s Role in Fueling Division in Iraq

Ongoing protests in Iraq have once again fueled discussion of sectarian rhetoric that has been used to describe the evolving situation in Iraq for decades.  In a post-Hussein, post-2003 United States invasion Iraq, sectarianism has been coined as a term to describe widespread historical issues throughout the country. After the US invasion of 2003, the fragile government of Iraq fell victim to deep divisions that allowed Iran to advance their influence in Iraq, in a time of weakness.

Sudan: Mapping Transitional Justice Strategies for Effective Democratic Transition

As Sudan continues its path toward transition, the question of transitional justice processes is at hand. While there are different conceptions of transitional justice, and different notions of implementation, what is best for Sudan must be sensitive to context and be supported by the help of the international community.

Tunisia’s 2019 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections: An Anti-Establishment Ballot and a Crumbled Political Landscape

On the night of the 15th of September, the results of the first round of the second post-2011 presidential elections in Tunisia started to emerge. On the 6th of October, Tunisians voted to elect a new parliament. Awaiting the second round of presidential elections taking place on the 13th of October, this paper will attempt a primary analysis of the profound changes the latest ballots’ results will have in the country’s political scene and its consequences on Tunisia’s upcoming five years.

From Allies to Rivals: Turkey’s Dictator Standing Alone

The Justice and Development Party’s, or AKP, has lost the municipal elections of March 2019 in major Turkish cities such as Ankara, Istanbul, and Izmir. In fact, the oppositions’ unity has made President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s traditional strategy of ‘divide and conquer’ harder to pull off. It certainly paved the way for a clear victor of Republican People’s Party, or CHP, candidate Ekrem Imamoğlu who overturned years of AKP governance in Istanbul, the biggest Turkish city where 15 million people reside.

The Tunisian Democratic Transition: A Critically Threatened Process

At a Glance:

The ‘good student’ of the Arab Spring is facing serious issues that are severely hampering its democratization process. Disengagement from public affairs is increasing as living conditions are worsening and political representatives fail to offer viable solutions. As old authoritarian practices persist, figures of Ben Ali’s era have resurfaced and are quickly gaining legitimacy on the political scene.