REPORT AT A GLANCE
A new form of terrorism has emerged after the defeat of the Islamic State caliphate in Iraq and Syria in 2019 and the resulting loss of its territory. Under the name of “ United Cyber Caliphate ” it is trying to find root everywhere in the world, including Europe. It is important to remind ourselves how IS was able to recruit more than 40,000 Foreign Fighters from 110 different countries in 2013 in the aftermath of the Arabic Spring, many of them believing in a righteous cause, and manage the establishment of a caliphate in large swaths of Syria and Iraq. It is only after seldom before seen atrocities, terror and crimes against humanity became exposed to the world, that an international coalition was mobilized to defeat IS and curb the supposedly “ Caliphate “.