>>>Leveraging a new Security Relationship with Africa Nov. 27th Post Event Press Release

Leveraging a new Security Relationship with Africa Nov. 27th Post Event Press Release

On 27 Novem­ber 2018, the Brus­sels Inter­na­tion­al Cen­ter held an expert round-table on the Africa-Europe secu­ri­ty part­ner­ship at the Euro­pean Par­lia­ment. Host­ed by Ms. Ana Gomes – MEP, the event brought togeth­er 40 experts from orga­ni­za­tions includ­ing the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion, EEAS, Trans­paren­cy Inter­na­tion­al Defense and Secu­ri­ty, the Egmont Insti­tute, the Euro­pean Peace­build­ing Liai­son Office, and NATO to dis­cuss strate­gies to lever­age both the MFF and post-Coto­nou process­es for a reformed approach to African secu­ri­ty.

The event opened with a pre­sen­ta­tion from Trans­paren­cy Inter­na­tion­al Defense and Secu­ri­ty, which high­light­ed the wider secu­ri­ty impact of cor­rup­tion in defense insti­tu­tions, par­tic­u­lar­ly in the Sahel and West Africa, such as increased engage­ment in orga­nized crime, poor pro­cure­ment, and ghost sol­diers. Experts con­clud­ed that progress requires pol­i­cy, insti­tu­tion­al and behav­ioral changes, includ­ing over­sight and audit mech­a­nisms to improve bat­tle effec­tive­ness, increase defense integri­ty, and regain pub­lic legit­i­ma­cy.

Experts then dis­cussed the impor­tance of a holis­tic approach to strength­en­ing African capac­i­ty build­ing and com­pe­tences, espe­cial­ly through the African Union (AU), and con­sid­ered sus­tain­able mech­a­nisms that would both mobi­lize polit­i­cal will and own­er­ship over resources.  Par­tic­i­pants not­ed the recent Court of Audi­tors’ report on the African Peace and Secu­ri­ty Archi­tec­ture, and empha­sized the need to build on the recent suc­cess­es, such as the improved exper­tise of the AU and the cre­ation of the AU Peace Fund.

This tran­si­tioned into a debate over the pro­posed Euro­pean Peace Facil­i­ty (EPF), the pro­posed 10.5bn glob­al fund slat­ed to replace the African Peace Facil­i­ty. Par­tic­i­pants voiced con­cerns over the draft regulation’s lack of account­abil­i­ty and over­sight, and ques­tioned the wis­dom of an off-bud­get mil­i­tary fund that is unlike­ly to be scru­ti­nized by the par­lia­ments of Mem­ber States. Experts argued against EU fund­ed lethal assis­tance, and con­clud­ed that a con­flict sen­si­tive approach to improv­ing human secu­ri­ty. It was not­ed that a com­pli­ance mech­a­nism with­in the EPF would be a valu­able addi­tion.

Rep­re­sen­ta­tives and par­tic­i­pants closed the dis­cus­sion by exam­in­ing the evolv­ing dri­vers of con­flict and vio­lence in Africa,  such as cli­mate change, hor­i­zon­tal inequal­i­ties, and eco­nom­ic fragili­ty, and con­sid­ered the role of secu­ri­ty sec­tor impuni­ty as a dri­ver of vio­lent extrem­ism. It was con­clud­ed that the EPF requires sig­nif­i­cant reforms to ade­quate­ly address these chal­lenges.

BIC-RHR will pre­pare an out­come report on the event, sum­ma­riz­ing the con­tri­bu­tions and list­ing the events final rec­om­men­da­tions.

2018-12-05T15:28:15+00:00November 28th, 2018|News|