Sudan: Mapping Transitional Justice Strategies for Effective Democratic Transition

As Sudan continues its path toward transition, the question of transitional justice processes is at hand. While there are different conceptions of transitional justice, and different notions of implementation, what is best for Sudan must be sensitive to context and be supported by the help of the international community.  Given the start of peace talks, and the related underlying issues affecting the new Sudanese government, this article explores what would a successful process of transitional justice might look like,  ensuring that the political transition to democracy continues to strengthen.


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[3] Ibid.

[4] See the authors prior articles on Sudan for more context: Lowings, B. (2019) Sudan: Military and Economy in the Fall of Bashir. [Online] Available at:; Lowings, B. (2019) Sudan: Relating Identity Politics and Cyclical Violence. [Online] Available at



[7] Olsen, T. Payne, L. & Reiter, A. (2010) ‘The Justice Balance: When Transitional Justice Improves Human Rights and Democracy’. Human Rights Quarterly. 32:4. 980-1007.



[10] Fischer, M. (2011) 'Transitional Justice and Reconciliation: Theory and Practice'. in Advancing Conflict Transformation: The Berghof Handbook II. (eds.) B. Austin, M. Fischer, & H. J. Giessmann. Barbara Budrich Publishers: Opladen/Framington Hills. 406-430.

[11]; See also: International Crisis Group (ICG). (2019) Safeguarding Sudan’s Revolution. Report No 281.

[12] Fischer. (2011) ‘Transitional Justice and Reconciliation’.

[13] Olsen, Payne & Reiter. (2010) ‘The Justice Balance’.

[14] Ibid.

[15] Ibid.

[16] ICG. (2019) Safeguarding Sudan’s Revolution.

[17] This was implied in the prior article: Lowings, B. (2019) Sudan: Relating Identity Politics and Cyclical Violence.

[18] The types of mechanisms and their effectiveness as discussed in more detail in: REDRESS. (2009) Ending Threats and Reprisals Against Victims of Torture and Related International Crimes: A Call to Action.

[19] Lowings, B. (2019) Sudan: Relating Identity Politics and Cyclical Violence; Lowings, B. (2019) Sudan: Economy and Military in the Fall of Bashir.